Margravial Opera House – Bayreuth
In the 18th century an opera house as large and magnificent as the most famous houses of its day was built in the small residential town of Bayreuth. Primarily initiated by Margravine Wilhelmine, this new construction was begun in 1744 from plans by Joseph St Pierre and completed in only four years. The façade is modelled on the architectural style of upper Italy and sets the opera house apart from the adjacent houses.
The Margravial Opera House was added to UNESCO World Heritage list in 2012.
It reopened in April 2018 after renovations.
The Bayreuth Festspielhaus
or Bayreuth Festival Theatre is an opera house north of Bayreuth , Germany, dedicated solely to the performance of operas by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner. It is the venue for the annual Bayreuth festival for which it was specifically conceived and built. Its official name is Richard-Wagner-Festspielhaus.
New Palace – Bayreuth
After the Old Palace burned down, the new town residence for Margrave Friedrich von Brandenburg-Bayreuth was begun by Joseph Saint-Pierre in 1753. Margravine Wilhelmine had considerable influence on its final form, designing some of the rooms herself, including the Cabinet of Fragmented Mirrors and the Old Music Room with its pastel portraits of singers, actors and dancers. The Palm Room with its outstanding walnut panelling is a typical example of the Rococo style in Bayreuth.
on the ground floor of the New Palace today the museums "Margravine Wilhelmines Bayreuth" and "Bayreuth Faience – Rummel Collection" with outstanding items from the Bayreuth Manufactory can be seen. The rooms of the small but remarkable Italian Palace are an impressive example of the "Bayreuth rococo" style in its later manifestation with the flower tendrils, trellis rooms and grottos that were its typical features.
Hermitage Old Palace – Bayreuth
In 1715 Margrave Georg Wilhelm built the Old Palace near the residential town of Bayreuth as the central feature of a court hermitage. In 1753, when Margrave Friedrich took over the government of the margraviate, he presented the Hermitage to his wife Wilhelmine.
Fascinated by this unique complex, the margravine immediately began enlarging it, first adding new rooms to the Old Palace including a Music Room, a Japanese Cabinet and the Chinese Mirror Cabinet, in which she wrote her celebrated memoirs. Created in an era when there were no gardens of this type at all in Germany, the Hermitage is thus unique amongst the gardens of the 18th century.
Ecological - Botanical garden
The garden was founded in 1978 with a focus on ecology and environmental field research and teaching. It now contains over 10,000 plant species from around the world, organized into four major sections:
- Crop garden (1 hectare)
- Ecology experimental plots (8 hectares) with lysimeter and groundwater basins.
- Greenhouses (about 8000 m² total) containing woodland and grass plants,aquarium plants, succulents, and plants of tropical mountains and cloud forests.
- Geographic sections - plants from the Americas, Asia, and Europe.
The university also maintains a herbarium, established in 2001, which contains approximately 25,000 documents focusing on seed plants, but also with several thousand cryptogam, especially mosses, as well as a seed collection and library.
The Margravial Opera House - under refurbishment until April 2018
The Margravial Opera House is considered the most beautiful Baroque Theatre in Europe and was declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO on 30 June 2012. It was elected on the list of the TOP 100 attractions in Germany in 2014. It was designed on behalf of the Margravine Wilhelmine from one of the most famous theatre building families, the Bolognese Giuseppe and Carlo Galli Bibiena. With a depth of 27 meters, his stage was the largest yet in Germany, in 1871. It also drew the attention of Richard Wagner to Bayreuth.
The New Castle was the residence of the Margraves of Bayreuth, Margrave Friedrich and the Prussian Princess Wilhelmine, sister of Friedrich the Great, were the most outstanding figures of Bayreuth in the 18th century. The New Castle built by the French architect St. Pierre in 1753, shows the features of Bayreuth Rococo in an exemplary way. The particularly notable rooms of the Margravine’s city residence are the Garden and Palm Room, Wilhelmine’s Music Salon and the famous Cabinet of Fragmented Mirrors.
Eremitage / Old Palace
The Eremitage Museum, a historical park on the outskirts of the city was once a refuge from court life. It houses the Old Palace with an Inner Cave, Water Games and a fabulous Orangery with a central Sun Temple that is crowned by Apollo, the God of the Muses.
Festspielhaus ‘Festival Theatre’
This is the world-famous Richard Wagner Festival Theatre on the Green Hill in Bayreuth. The Bayreuth Festival Theatre is unique in its architecture and acoustics, and is one of the largest opera houses in the world.
Richard Wagner Museum – Haus Wahnfried
Since it’s opening in 1976, the Richard Wagner Museum with it´s national archive and Research Centre in the Wahnfried House is a place of research and teaching of the life and work of the composer and the performance history of the Bayreuth Festival. In the future the aura and the cultural significance of the House will make visiting the Museum an inspiring experience for connoisseurs and amateurs.
Primeval Museum of the Upper Franconian - suitable for kids
The museum informs about the Geology of Upper Franconia, in particular on the history of life (Palaeontology), to the subsurface (Geology) and minerals (Mineralogy). The exhibition presents a picture of the varied and exciting development of Upper Franconia in the past 500 million years.
It presents the life and work of the famous piano virtuoso and composer Franz Liszt, his last residence. In immediate vicinity of the Haus Wahnfried, the residence of his son-in-law Richard Wagner completes the documentation of the most important epoch in the musical life of Bayreuth.
Steep steps leads from the AKTIEN Brewery down into the underground, labyrinthine rock cellars, where once the fresh beer of the brewery matured in barrels. Admire a Panopticon of city history, tradition and craftsmanship, brewery history and oddities.