points of interest

Margravial Opera House – Bayreuth

In the 18th century an opera house as large and magnificent as the most famous houses of its day was built in the small residential town of Bayreuth. Primarily initiated by Margravine Wilhelmine, this new construction was begun in 1744 from plans by Joseph St Pierre and completed in only four years. The façade is modelled on the architectural style of upper Italy and sets the opera house apart from the adjacent houses.

The Margravial Opera House was added to UNESCO's World Heritage list in 2012.

Margravial Opera House Bayreuth closed at the moment for restoring.


The Bayreuth Festspielhaus

or Bayreuth Festival Theatre is an opera house north of Bayreuth , Germany, dedicated solely to the performance of operas by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner. It is the venue for the annual  Bayreuth festival for which it was specifically conceived and built. Its official name is Richard-Wagner-Festspielhaus.


New Palace – Bayreuth

After the Old Palace burned down, the new town residence for Margrave Friedrich von Brandenburg-Bayreuth was begun by Joseph Saint-Pierre in 1753. Margravine Wilhelmine had considerable influence on its final form, designing some of the rooms herself, including the Cabinet of Fragmented Mirrors and the Old Music Room with its pastel portraits of singers, actors and dancers. The Palm Room with its outstanding walnut panelling is a typical example of the Rococo style in Bayreuth.

Palm Room

on the ground floor of the New Palace today the museums "Margravine Wilhelmine's Bayreuth" and "Bayreuth Faience – Rummel Collection" with outstanding items from the Bayreuth Manufactory can be seen. The rooms of the small but remarkable Italian Palace are an impressive example of the "Bayreuth rococo" style in its later manifestation with the flower tendrils, trellis rooms and grottos that were its typical features.


Hermitage Old Palace – Bayreuth

In 1715 Margrave Georg Wilhelm built the Old Palace near the residential town of Bayreuth as the central feature of a court hermitage. In 1753, when Margrave Friedrich took over the government of the margraviate, he presented the Hermitage to his wife Wilhelmine.

Japanese Cabinet

Fascinated by this unique complex, the margravine immediately began enlarging it, first adding new rooms to the Old Palace including a Music Room, a Japanese Cabinet and the Chinese Mirror Cabinet, in which she wrote her celebrated memoirs. Created in an era when there were no gardens of this type at all in Germany, the Hermitage is thus unique amongst the gardens of the 18th century.


Ecological - Botanical garden

The garden was founded in 1978 with a focus on ecology and environmental field research and teaching. It now contains over 10,000 plant species from around the world, organized into four major sections:

  • Crop garden (1 hectare)
  • Ecology experimental plots (8 hectares) with lysimeter and groundwater basins.
  • Greenhouses (about 8000 m² total) containing woodland and grass plants,aquarium plants, succulents, and plants of tropical mountains and cloud forests.
  • Geographic sections - plants from the Americas, Asia, and Europe.

The university also maintains a herbarium, established in 2001, which contains approximately 25,000 documents focusing on seed plants, but also with several thousand cryptogam, especially mosses, as well as a seed collection and library.